The Meaning of the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31) for Israel and the Church
Paper at BEST-conference on the covenant, Apeldoorn – 30 March 2017 (not published)
In Jeremiah 31 a new covenant is announced. Because Jewish and Christian theologians differ in their interpretation of this, I discuss this new covenant in the context of the Book of Jeremiah and study the references to it in the New Testament.
Next to Jewish and Christian interpretations, also the perspective of Messianic Jews on this subject is considered. How do these groups consider their involvement in the new covenant?
MJPaul – The New Covenant (Jeremiah 31) for Israel and the Church – 2017
‘Ik zend u de profeet Elia’: de toekomst van Israël volgens de vroegchristelijke kerk
Artikel in Theologia Reformata 57-1 (2014) 22-39
Engelse samenvatting van het Nederlandstalige artikel:
Many early church theologians believed that the Christian church had replaced God’s chosen people Israel to become recipients of Old Testament promises. At the same time many writers expected a future conversion of Israel. This article reviews the latter position during the first five centuries of the church.
The analysis reveals that the expectation of a future conversion of Israel rests on the promises of several Old Testament prophets and the words of Paul in Romans 11, not on the view that the covenant with Abraham extends to his natural descendants. The role of Elijah according Malachi is also important.
Several theologians expected a combination of conversion and return of Jews to the land of Israel, but the majority did not. Their emphasis is on the conversion to Christ at the end of the times and on the participation of the converted Jews in the church. The contemporary replacement of Israel by the church is not expected to be lasting because in the future God will give salvation to his formerly chosen people.
Downloaden: Paul – Elia Theol Ref 2014-1